EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES OF SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN KILIFI, EMBU AND BUDALANGI
ASWELI WAMUGI, SHEILA MUMBI
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Smallholder farmers in Kenya are faced by effects of climate change which results to loss of crop and livestock productions. Consequently, smallholder farmers suffer crop and livestock losses, causing devastation and food insecurity situation. This study provides findings on the effects, adaptation approaches carried out by smallholder farmers of Embu, Kilifi and Budalangi to climate change. The study objectives were achieved through use of survey design. Mixed approach of quantitative and qualitative data analysis was applied. Sampling included multi stage sampling. Three study sites were chosen based on different ecosystem conditions in Kenya. Linear regression was used to demonstrate crops and rainfall trends. Mean temperatures noted to increase slightly and greater variations in the mean seasonal rainfalls in all the three study areas. Declining trend of crop yields was noted for Kilifi (R =- 0.032). The research findings evidently showed that climate change is happening. Results of this study are expected to contribute to scientific knowledge and literature concerning effects of climate change and adaptation strategies by smallholder farmers in Kenya.