Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorGamoe A. Locham
dc.contributor.authorBoaz Kaunda-Arara
dc.contributor.authorChrisestom M. Mlewa
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-25T11:43:55Z
dc.date.available2012-10-25T11:43:55Z
dc.date.issued2010-03-15
dc.identifier.citationDOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0485.2010.00363.xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/354
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1439-0485.2010.00363.x/abstracten_US
dc.description.abstractEffective conservation requires knowledge of the effects of habitat on distribution and abundance of organisms. Although the structure of coral reef fish assemblages is strongly correlated with attributes of reef structure, data relating reef types to fish assemblages are scarce. In this study we describe the influence of gross habitat characteristics and seasonality on coral reef fish assemblages of fringing and patch reefs in Kenya. Results showed that total fish abundance was not significantly different between the reefs; however, the fringing reef had higher species diversity during both the northeast (42 spp.) and southeast (36 spp.) monsoon seasons when compared to the patch reef. The more fished species (e.g. Siganus sutor and Lethrinus mahsena) were more abundant on the patch reef in both seasons. Statistical analysis indicated common species between the reefs were more abundant on the fringing reef. Seasons affected abundance of the more vagile species (S. sutor), whereas the reef-attached sky emperor, L. mahsena was affected more by reef type than by seasons. No significant interaction effects of habitat and seasons were found, indicating independence of habitat and environmental variability in affecting fish assemblages on the reefs. Smaller sized fish dominated the fringing reef more than the patch reef, whereas the skewness index (Sk) indicated a normal-sized frequency distribution on the patch reef. Trophic structure of the fishes varied more within than between reefs, whereas fish assemblage structure was affected more by seasons on the fringing reef. These results suggest that conservation measures such as marine protected area (MPA) design and setting should consider effects of reef morphology and environmental variability on coral-reef fish assemblage structure.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipPwani Universityen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherWiley Online Libraryen_US
dc.subjectCoral-reef fishesen_US
dc.subjectfringing and patch reefsen_US
dc.subjectmonsoons;en_US
dc.subjecttrophic and assemblage structuresen_US
dc.titleThe influence of reef type and seasonality on population structure of coral-reef fishes within Malindi Marine Park, Kenyaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record