ANALYSIS OF BIOGAS TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN KILIFI COUNTY
WAMBOKA, MOMANYI RUTH
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Biogas technology adoption has been advanced around the world as a renewable source of energy by various organizations such as government agencies and Nongovernmental Organizations. The advancement of the technology is due to its health and environmental benefits. In its effort to achieve vision 2030 the government of Kenya aspires to encourage wider adoption and use of biogas technology as one of the renewable energy sources. The purpose of this study was to identify the underlying causes of low adoption ofbiogas technology among households. The study was carried out in Kilifi County. Descriptive survey research design was used. The sample size comprised of 150 respondents who were purposively sampled. The sampling procedure constituted purposive and proportionate random sampling to select the study area and the respondents. One set of structured questionnaire and focused group discussion were used to collect data. Data was analyzed using descriptive and logistic regression analysis with the help of the SPSS version 20.0 soft ware.The findings from the study revealed that, the significant determinants of biogas adoption among households were: household income,household head’s highest levelof education and the unavailability of technical services. The underlying causes to the three areas of significant were: poverty at household level, low level of education and early marriages among women who are the main implementers of the technology. The study recommends that the County government of Kilifi should promote education,create awareness, create conducive environment for households to access loans from financial institutions, encourage organizations charged with the promotion of biogas technologyto offer subsidies to households, ensure improved provision of technical services in the area of biogas construction, extension service provider should encourage households to pull resources together that will reduce the cost of construction of biogas digester. The government in liaison should develop national policy on green energy and set up demonstration centers that may encourage households to adopt biogas technology.