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dc.contributor.authorKiti, Helen M.
dc.contributor.authorWainaina, Moses
dc.contributor.authorMuhammed, Najya
dc.contributor.authorOdalo, Josiah O.
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-08T06:17:36Z
dc.date.available2020-12-08T06:17:36Z
dc.date.issued2019-12-30
dc.identifier.citationKiti, H., Wainaina, M., Muhammed, N., & Odalo, J. (2019). Exploitation of Scented Volatiles and Essential Oil of Mkilua fragrans Verdc. For Livelihood Enhancement Among the Coastal Communities of Kenya. Kenya Aquatica Journal, 5(1), 44–49.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2617-4936
dc.identifier.urihttp://elibrary.pu.ac.ke/handle/123456789/852
dc.description.abstractEssential oils and volatiles are complex mixtures of biologically active substances used since time immemorial as flavoring agents and constituents of a number of commercial products. The fragrant plant, Mkilua fragrans Verdc. forms part of a biodiversity of Keny’s coastal forests that has remained under-utilized in a heavily impoverished region. Fragrance from the flowers of the plant have been used for decades alongside Jasminum L. bignoniaceum G. Don to enhance the quality of the scent commonly applied as perfume in weddings and other important ceremonies by Swahili, Digo and Arab women. In this study, essential oils of M. fragrans were extracted by different procedures and quality of fragrance determined by sensory evaluation. The essential oils were extracted from flowers of Mkilua fragrans obtained from Kwale, Kilifi and Mombasa counties by hydro distillation, solvent extraction and effleurage. GC-MS analysis of the extracted oils and volatile compounds from effleurage of fresh Mkilua fragrans flowers revealed the presence of esters (16.70%), ethers (14.11%), alcohols (12.87%) and hydrocarbons (11.62%). Esters were in highest proportions in headspace trapping for the three stages with (36.00%), (40.48%) and (47.47%), respectively and also in cold effleurage (16.8%). These results suggest that sesquiterpenes and esters, contribute greatly to the strong and original scent of Mkilua fragrans. The stability of the extracts varied from 0 to 52% after 30 days exposure to light under room temperature. These findings provide a basis for a chemical formulation that mimics the Mkilua fragrance, which may be exploited in the perfume industry thereby enhancing revenue generation and preservation of the plant.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipKenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute and Pwani Universityen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherKenya Aquatica Journalen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesA Scientific Journal of Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute;
dc.subjectMkilua fragrans Verdc.en_US
dc.subjectEssential oilsen_US
dc.subjectLivelihood enhancementen_US
dc.subjectCoastal communitiesen_US
dc.titleExploitation of Scented Volatiles and Essential Oil of Mkilua fragrans Verdc. for Livelihood Enhancement Among the Coastal Communities of Kenyaen_US


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